Category Archives: Acute cases
Management of kerosene and other hydrocarbons poisoning.
Ingestion of kerosene and other hydrocarbons (gasoline, benzene, baby powder…etc) are common in children especially in Spring season when people get out for picnic and put these substances in water bottle so children might drink kerosene unintentionally when they get thirsty.
Management of severe asthma in children.
Management of Paediatric Acute Asthma (Asthma Exacerbation): Introduction: asthma is a chronic disease of childhood which is intermittent, reversible obstructive airway disease, characterized by 3Rs: Recurrent, Reversible and Responsive. Clinically it manifests as recurrent episodes of wheezing, dyspnoea, chest tightness, and cough.
Management of Diabetic ketoacidosis from A-Z.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a medical emergency. The patient may have already been diagnosed of having diabetes mellitus or may be first time presentation without being diagnosed. When it’s not known that the patient is diabetic, the clinical triad of kussmaul respiration (deep & rapid breathing), dehydration and coma in a child should always raise […]
Intravenous (IV) Fluids & Solutions: This article discusses the different types and indications of IV fluids and solutions. In general IV fluids are divided in to two types: Crystalloids and Colloids. The diagram below illustrates more: Shock therapy: 20 ml/kg/0.5-1 hr either NS 0.9% or RL. It is indicated in case of severe dehydration to […]