Category Archives: Featured
Management of different types of dehydration.
In this article, we’re going to explain how to deal with different types of dehydration in terms of serum sodium level. We’re going to exemplify with one case but presents with distinct kinds of dehydration, then we apply fluid calculation for each type of dehydration. We can classify dehydration into mild, moderate and severe dehydration […]
How to manage neonatal seizure?
In this article, we are gonna talk about how to tackle a neonate suffering from seizure? In the very first let’s know what’s seizure?
Seizure: is a paroxysmal disturbance in neurological function (behavioral, motor or autonomic functions)…..
Management of neonatal hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia is common in neonates especially those with risk factors (see below). It’s crucial to know how to deal with this condition as it is having potential and deleterious sequelae if it is not recognized early and left untreated.
Intravenous fluid calculation for neonates.
Intravenous fluid calculation for neonates is different than older infants because they have more body surface area in relation to their weight, so they lose more water through skin and hence they need more fluid replacement. **IV fluid requirement in term neonates Day 1: 60 ml/kg GW 10% Day 2: 80 ml/kg GW 10% Day […]
Management of severe asthma in children.
Management of Paediatric Acute Asthma (Asthma Exacerbation): Introduction: asthma is a chronic disease of childhood which is intermittent, reversible obstructive airway disease, characterized by 3Rs: Recurrent, Reversible and Responsive. Clinically it manifests as recurrent episodes of wheezing, dyspnoea, chest tightness, and cough.
Management of Diabetic ketoacidosis from A-Z.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a medical emergency. The patient may have already been diagnosed of having diabetes mellitus or may be first time presentation without being diagnosed. When it’s not known that the patient is diabetic, the clinical triad of kussmaul respiration (deep & rapid breathing), dehydration and coma in a child should always raise […]
Intravenous (IV) Fluids & Solutions: This article discusses the different types and indications of IV fluids and solutions. In general IV fluids are divided in to two types: Crystalloids and Colloids. The diagram below illustrates more: Shock therapy: 20 ml/kg/0.5-1 hr either NS 0.9% or RL. It is indicated in case of severe dehydration to […]
Siezure is an abnormal electrical discharge in the brain. It can manifest as: disturbance in the level of consciousness abnormal body movement (convulsion) sensory disturbance abnormal behavior autonomic disturbance (tachycardia, hypertension, salivation) So convulsion is abnormal body movement -A convulsion is a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the […]